Cabinet Biographies

H.E. Hedayat AMIN-ARSALA- Senior Minister

Hedayat Amin-Arsala was born in Kabul in 1942. He received his Bachelor's from the University of Southern Illinois and Masters in Economics from George Washington University (US). In 1969, he joined the World Bank. In 1987, he left it to serve as Senior Advisor and member of the Afghan Mujahiddin Unity Council. From 1989 to 1992 he served as the Interim Government's Finance Minister. In 1993 he was appointed Foreign Minister. In 1998, he was a member of the Executive Council of the Afghan Loya Jirga representing the Ex-King Zaher Shah, now Father of the Nation. In the post-Bonn Interim Administration, he served as Vice Chairman and Finance Minister and after the Emergency Loya Jirga (2002) he became the Vice President of the Transitional Islamic State, Chairman of the Independent Civil Services and Administrative Reform Commission, member of the National Security Council and advisor to the Central Statistics Office and the Afghan Economic Cooperation Committee. In 2005, he was appointed Minister of Commerce.

H.E. Mr. Zarar Ahmad OSMANI - Minister of Foreign Affairs

H.E. Mr. Osmani was born in Parwan province in 1964. H.E.’s father was a parliamentarian. H.E. Mr. Osmani attended Habibia High School in Kabul and obtained his B.A. degree from the Parwan Pedagogy Institute, specializing in math and physics.

In his illustrious career, H.E. has served as Deputy Chief of Staff at the Ministry of National Defence, Chief of Police and later Governor of Parwan province, Head of the Afghan mission to the Islamic Republic of Iran, Minister of Interior Affairs, and Minister of Counter Narcotics.

He was voted in as Minister of Foreign Affairs in December of 2013.

H.E. Mr. Mohammed Omer DAUDZAI - Minister of Interior Affairs

Mohammed Omer Daudzai was born on October 12, 1957 into a prominent and pious family in the Qarabagh District of Kabul Province, Afghanistan. He completed his primary education in his home district and eventually went on to the Engineering Faculty of Kabul University where he obtained his degree in Engineering. From 1993-1996, Mr. Daudzai worked for the Swedish Committee for Afghanistan, an NGO devoted to health, education, supporting people with disabilities, and rural development. Then from 1996 to 2001 he worked for the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) in Islamabad, Pakistan. From there he moved to Geneva, Switzerland, where he worked until 2003 as a development specialist for UNDP. In November 2003, Mr. Daudzai was approached by the Afghan Transitional Administration to become Chief of Staff to the President, Hamid Karzai. He served in this position until 2005 when he was appointed Ambassador to Iran. In 2006, he returned to resume his position as Chief of Staff to President Karzai. He remained in this position until 2011 when, on the advice of the President and the High Peace Council, he was appointed as Ambassador to Pakistan. He served in this position until he was appointed Minister of Interior Affairs by the President on September 1, 2013. He was confirmed in the position by parliament on September 16, 2013.

H.E. Gen. Bismullah MOHAMMADI -Minister of Defense

General Bismullah Mohammadi was born in 1958 in Sheikhan village, Rukha district of Panjshir province. In 1982 General Mohammadi attended the Jamiat MilitaryUniversity, graduating in 1983. After the establishment of the Interim Government, General Mohammadi was appointed First Deputy Minister to the Minister of Defense, and Commanding General of the Kabul Garrison. After the reformation of the Ministry of Defense and general staff in 2003, General Mohammadi became Chief of the General Staff for the Afghan National Army. In July 2010 he was appointed Minister of Interior. In September 2012 General Mohammadi was appointed as minister of Defense. He is married and has two sons and four daughters.

H.E. Dr. Rangin SPANTA- National Security Advisor


Rangin Dadfar Spanta is currently President Hamid Karzai's Afghan National Security Advisor. Previously, he served as Afghanistan's Minister of Foreign Affairs. Spanta was born in 1954 in the Karokh district of Afghanistan's western province of Herat. His father was elected to Afghanistan's National Assembly in the 1960s during the reign of King Mohammad Zahir. Spanta completed his early education (primary and secondary schooling) in Herat, and then he enrolled in Kabul University. He has a degree from Kabul University as well as a doctorate degree from RWTH Aachen University, where he spent 13 years there teaching as a professor of political science. Spanta also served as a spokesperson for the Alliance for Democracy in Afghanistan and was active in Germany's Green Party. In early 2005, after the Taliban were removed from power, Spanta returned to Afghanistan and began to teach at Kabul University. Later he was chosen to become a Senior Advisor on International Affairs to President Hamid Karzai, until he was eventually nominated to become Minister of Foreign Affairs in 2006.

H.E. Dr. Hazrat Omar ZAKHILWAL - Minister of Finance

Dr. Hazrat Omar Zakhilwal approved by the MPs and appointed as the Minister of Finance of Afghanistan Dr. Zakhilwal, who was appointed as acting minister of finance by the President of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan on the 27th of Dalwa 1387, has comfortably won vote of confidence in the parliament on the 12th of Hoot 1387 and been approved as the Minister of Finance. He received 144 votes of confidence out of 198 polled by MPs.

H.E. Dr. Farooq WARDAK - Minister of Education

H.E. Minister Farooq Wardak was born in Wardaq Province in 1959. In 1986, H.E. graduated from the Faculty of Pharmacy in Punjab University, Pakistan. While working with the United Nations from 1996 to 2001 in Pakistan, he received his Masters Degree in Administration from Preston University. H.E. has held a number of key positions in Afghanistan’s development and reconstruction, including Director of the Constitutional Commission Secretariat and Secretariat of the Constitutional Loya Jirga (2002-2004), the grand Assembly that ratified the constitution; Cabinet Secretary and Director General of Office of Administrative Affairs of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan (2005); and Minister of State for the Parliament.

H.E. Mr. Abdul Hadi ARGANDIWAL ‎- Minister of Economy

H.E. Mr. Abdul Hadi Arghandiwal ‎was born in 1952 in Kabul. He earned ‎BA in Economics in 1976 and was subsequently appointed as manager at the Planning ‎Ministry in 1977. He served ‎as the Minister of Finance in pre-Taliban Afghanistan. In 2008, Mr. Arghandiwal was elected as chairman of Islamic ‎Party.‎ He was appointed Minister of Economy and Manpower in 2010.

H.E. Dr. Dawood Ali NAJAFI - Minister of Transport and Aviation

H.E. Mr. Daud Ali Najafi was born 17 Feb. 1968. H.E. has a MBBS (Medical Science) from University of Balochestan in Pakistan and a MA Islamic Studies from university of Peshawar in Pakistan. While in Pakistan H.E. served as the director of Sehat Hospital for Afghan Refugees. H.E. headed the secretariat of IEC for five years and has worked with the United Nations. H.E. Minister Najafi is fluent in Farsi, Pashtu, Urdu, and English.

H.E. Eng. Amirzai SANGIN- Minister of Communications and Information Technology

Amirzai Sangin was born in Paktika. In 1972 he earned his degree in Electronics and Communications from Southern London University in the UK. He served as a teacher and later as the Director at the Communications Training Center from 1978 to 1980. From 1982, Mr. Sangin was employed in the communications field in Sweden. He served as a team member for the Shah Khalid Communications Project in Saudi Arabia. He was also an active member of the Swedish Committee in Afghanistan. After the fall of the Taliban, he returned to Kabul where he held training seminars for engineers of the Ministry of Communications, the Afghan Wireless Company and served as Senior Advisor to the Minister of Communications. Mr. Sangin was appointed as Director of Afghan TeleCom in July, 2004.

H.E. Mr. Ahaj Mohammad BARAKA - Minister of Mines

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H.E. Mohammad Arif NOORZAI - Minister of Water and Energy

H.E. Minister Mohammad Arif Noorzai was born 1959 in Kandahar Province. He was a student of Faculty of Agriculture of Kabul University. H.E. Minister Noorzai was a 2005 Wolesi Jirga Member and a Deputy Speaker. H.E. the Minister is also an Adviser of H.E. President Karzai on security and tribal issues. He is married and lives in Kandahar. Noorzai speaks Pashtu, Dari and English

H.E. Mr. Hassan ABDULLAHI - Minister of Urban Development

H.E. Minister Dr. Hassan Abdullahi was born in 1355 A.H. in Ghor Province. He was awarded with high honors during his primary and secondary education, and graduated with a BA in Sociology from Shiraz University in 1376. He obtained his Masters in Architecture and Urban Planning in Tehran (capital city of Islamic Republic of Iran). He has also taught at Kabul University. Since the formation of the new government, he has served Afghanistan at professional posts such as Deputy of Capacity Building and Administrative Development at the Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development, as Technical and Constructional Deputy at Kabul Municipality, as an Advisor of Minister of Urban Development Affairs, and as Deputy of Finance and Administration.

H.E. Mr. Muhammad Asif RAHIMI - Minister of Agriculture, Irrigation and Livestock

Mohammad Asif Rahimi was born in 1959 and was raised in Kabul, earning a degree from Kabul University. He completed his post-graduate studies in Management of Development Programs from Omaha University in the US. Mr. Rahimi’s career was mainly from the area of development and humanitarian relief both in Afghanistan and abroad. For over a decade he was a manager of CARE operations of CARE-USA in Afghanistan. In 2001, he moved to Canada and became South Asia regional manager of CARE-Canada. Returning to Afghanistan in early 2005, Mr. Rahimi joined the Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development (MRRD) and became the head of National Solidarity Program (NSP). He eventually served as the Deputy Minister for Programs in MRRD, a profile in which he leads all of the ministry’s national and regional initiatives in rural development, infrastructure, and economic regeneration, since April of 2006. Mr. Rahimi’s contribution to policy and strategy development within the government of Afghanistan includes playing a leading role in the Policy Action Group discussions, the development of the Comprehensive Agriculture and Rural Development (CARD) initiative, and the development and operation of the Afghanistan National Development Strategy (ANDS).

H.E. Mr. Habibullah GHALIB- Minister of Justice

Justice Minister Habibullah Ghalib was born in 1940 in Qazi Khail village in Kapisa Province. In 1960, he was admitted to Kabul University, majoring in Islamic Studies and Law. In 1964, he joined the Ministry of Justice. Between the years 1967 - 1969, Minister Ghalib pursued his Graduate Studies at Al Azhar University of Cairo. He resumed his career as Chief of the office of the Minister, and later as Senior Adviser to the Department of Legislation and the Institute of Legislative Affairs. Minister Ghalib served as Deputy Attorney General for Investigation and Petitions in 1979. Later, in Pakistan, he began serving the Afghan refugees in varied capacities. He established the Cultural Council of Afghanistan Resistance, an influential organization broadly involved in promoting the educational, scholastic and cultural interests of the Afghan refugees and of the greater Afghan cause. Minister Ghalib then went on to serve as the head of Madina Monawara orphanage and of Department of Education of the orphanages run by Asra Charity, teaching as a university professor at the same time. Upon formation of the Interim Government in Exile, Mr. Ghalib was called upon to assume the office of Director General of Legislation Department of the Ministry of Justice. He returned to Afghanistan in 1992 and was named as Deputy Attorney General for the Department of Supervision of Implementation of the Law and Director General of the Department of Protection of the Law and Legal and Judicial Affairs. In late 2001, pursuant to the establishment of the Interim Authority and within the course of the subsequent years, Minister Ghalib held diverse portfolios with the Transitional and elected governments. He served as a member of the Independent Legal and Judicial Reform Commission, and Chairman of the Committee on Reform of the Laws. He then entered the Legal Consultative Board to the President of Afghanistan as a member, and later on as Chairman of the said Board, while simultaneously holding the position of Senior Legal Adviser to the Ministry of Justice.

H.E. Mr. Obaidullah OBAID- Minister of Higher Education

H.E. Minister Prof. Dr. Obaidullah Obaid was born in 1970 in Kabul. He received his early education from Manochehri School and Nadarya Higher Secondary School, and later attended the Medical Faculty of Kabul University. He has also earned a Master's degree. Having held different positions at Kabul University, he also served as Director of the university. He speaks Pashto, Dari and English. .

H.E. Dr. Sayed Makhdoom RAHEEN - Minister of Information, Culture and Tourism

Dr. Sayed Makhdoom Raheen was born in 1946 in Kabul city. After undergraduate studies in Afghanistan, he received a masters and Ph.D from Tehran University in 1973. Afterwards, he served as a lecturer in Kabul university. He then served as the director of Arts and Culture of Information and Culture ministry. Dr. Raheen participated in the drafting of constitution during presidency of Daoud Khan, and participated in the Loya Jirga in 1977. After the Soviet invasion he migrated to Pakistan, and made endeavors for the unity of Mujahiddin. After the foundation of Islamic Unity of Afghanistan, he was a member of the high council and the Director of Cultural Committee. He was the Director of Radio Free Kabul, transmitted by Mujahiddin from 1992 to 1994. During the interim government of Hazrat Mujadiddi he was a special advisor. A poet and popular writer, Dr. Raheen has carried out many research works in the arenas of culture, Literature, history and Islamic Orders. He has published several essays and books. He founded the Peace and Democracy Association for Afghanistan with the help of partners in 1996, and served as the Director. In 1998 he became a member of the executive committee of Loya Jirga in Rome. He has served as the Minister of Information and Culture since the interim government. He was elected as the Director of the Council of Kabul residents in September 2003. He was given a medal of freedom of expression and culture by the Father of the Nation in 2004.

H.E. Dr. Suraya DALIL- Minister of Public Health

Suraya Dalil was born 1970 in Kabul and went to medical school in Afghanistan in the late 1980s. From 1992, H.E. Minister Dalil worked in Balkk with a number of international NGOs such as San Frontieres and International Organization for Migration. She then began working with the UN's International Children's Emergency Fund (UNICEF) in 1994, mainly in refugee camps operation. From 1998, H.E. participated in medical training in Afghanistan and worked with the Pakistan-based UNICEF Afghanistan office. In late 2001, H.E. Minister Dalil returned to Kabul, helping spearhead a national maternal mortality survey published in Lancet as a UNICEF Safe Motherhood project officer. She then went to Harvard School of Public Health as a Presidential Scholar, studying health care management. She completed her MA in Harvard in mid-2005, and then she returned to Afghanistan and joined UNICEF as a project officer for policy and training, a senior national position. She was then an adviser to the Minister of Health and was a coordinator to UNICEF's involvement in health system development.

H.E. Dr. Mohammad Yousuf NIAZI - Minister of Hajj and Islamic Affairs

Dr Mohammad Yousuf Niazi, born in ‎Kama district of Nangarhar province in 1959, received early education from the Betab ‎School and Imam Abu Hanifa Seminary in Kabul. He went to Saudi Arabia for higher ‎education and earned a Bachelor's degree in Sharia from the Islamic University in ‎Madina. He did Masters and Doctorate work in Islamic Studies from the Umm Al-Qura ‎University, where he also served as a teacher in 2001.‎ From 1996 to 2000, he served at the Embassy of Afghanistan in Saudi Arabia. H.E. ‎earned several letters of appreciation and medals related to his work. Fluent in Pashto, Dari ‎Arabic and speaks English. He is the author of several books in these three languages.

H.E. Mr. Arsala JAMAL- Minister of Border and Tribal Affairs

H.E. Minister Arsala Jamal was born in ‎‎1966 in Paktika province. H.E. obtained a BS in Economics from ‎the University of Malaya in 1992 and worked from Peshawar for Nebraska University ‎for three years. ‎ He served as governor of Khost from 2006 to 2008.

H.E. Dr. Husn Banu GHAZANFAR- Minister of Women’s Affairs

H.E. Minister Husn Banu Ghazanfar was born in Balkh on February 1, 1957. she obtained her BA and Master's degree on Literature and Sociology from Stawarpool Qafqaaz in 1983. Right after she obtained her Master's degree she became the scientific cadre of the Literature Faculty of Kabul University. After two years, she obtained her Doctorate of Philology. In 2003, she was appointed as the Head of the Literature Faculty and was working in this post until she was appointed as the Minister for the Ministry of Women's Affairs. In addition, she has worked as a member of the High Council of the Ministry of Higher Education, member of Speranto International Association of Women, member of the International Association of Turk Zabanan and member of the Board of Directors of Hakim Naser Khesro Balkhi Association. She is fluent in Dari, Pashto, Uzbek and Russian and has knowledge of Turkish and English.

H.E. Dr. Jamahir ANWARI - Minister of Refugees and Repatriation


H.E. Minister Anwari was born in Andkhoe district of Faryab province in 1955. After his graduation from Pharmacy Faculty of Kabul University in 1976, he has since then worked as a pharmacist at the Department of Mother and Child Health. He worked at a blood bank in 1977, and headed the pharmacy affairs department for the northern zone in 1983. From 2006, he was head of Medicine Affairs at the General Directorate of Pharmacy in the Ministry of Public Health. He was also the financial head of the union of Afghan Pharmacists, leader of Turkmen Peace Council and member of the leading delegation of carpet traders. H.E. Dr. Anwari was also member of the emergency Loya Jirga held in 2004.

H.E. Mrs. Amena Safi AFZALI- Acting Minister of Disabled, Martyrs and Social Affairs

H.E. Amena Safi Afzali was born in 1957 in Herat city. She completed her higher education in faculty of science of Kabul University in 1978. After she graduated, she taught at Mehri High school in Herat province. Ms. Afzali established the 'Muslim Sisters Association' overseas, continuing their activities till 1992. She then established the 'Islamic Movement of Women of Afghanistan' in Kabul in 1993, defending women's rights and providing for growth of Afghan girls potentialities as well as their involvement in political and cultural activities. Minister Afzali is also the founder of Educational and Training Centers for women, as well as the first free school in Kabul in 1994. Several publications, such as 'Rahrawan Samia', 'Al-Momenat', 'Paiwand', and 'Mother' were established and released under her surveillance. She returned to Afghanistan in 2002 and began to serve as commissioner with the Independent Human Rights Commission until 2004. Thereafter, she became key member of the Directorate of Cultural Foundation of Jamee. In 2004, she served as the Minister of the Ministry of Youth Affairs for one and half year until it integrated with the Ministry of Information and Culture. She also played a key role in the Readiness Commission for Peace Jirga in 2006. She has taken over the presidency of the Government High Commission for Children and Youth, as well as became a member of the board of Red Crescent Society.

H.E. Mr. Wais Ahmad BARMAK- Minister of Rural Development and Rehabilitation

H.E. Wais Ahmad Barmak was born 1972 in Kabul. He holds a BSc degree with Honors in Architecture from the Department of Architecture at Kabul University and an MSc degree in Development Studies from the School of Oriental and African Studies at the University of London. H.E. Mr. Barmak began his professional career in 1993, working for such organizations as the International Committee of the Red Cross. He can speak Dari, Pashto and English.

H.E. Mr. Din Mohammad Mubariz - Minister of Counter-Narcotics

H.E. Mobarez Rashidi was born in Hijri in Sar-e- Pol province. Mr. Rashidi holds a PhD degree in Culture and Islamic Studies. Mr. Rashdi was appointed as Deputy Minister for Publication in MoIC by the President of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan in 2007, where he worked for seven years. He strove to strengthen and support freedom of expression in respect to the Afghanistan constitution and Mass Media Law. His aim was to establish professional media, promote democracy and support human rights, in particular women’s rights. Mr. Rashidi has published many articles in local media in the fields of philosophy, law, politics, jurisprudence, principles, religious affairs and democracy. He received a vote of confidence as minister on 26 December 2013 from parliament for the nominated post.

H.E. Mr. Mohammad Shakir KARGAR - Minister of Commerce and Industries

Mohammad Shakir Kargar Mohammad Shaker Karger was born 1983 in Faryab Province. He was the Vice-Chairman of the Wolesi Jirga's 2005 Foreign Relations Commission.

H.E. Dip. Eng. Najibllah Auodjan - Minister of Public Works

H.E. Dip. Eng.Najibullah Aoudjan was born in Kabul, Afghanistan in 1947. In 1974 he graduated with a bachelor’s degree from Kabul Poly-Technique Institute (Civil and Industrial Constructions Department). Following his graduation, from 1974 to 1980, he worked as a Design Engineer in PAMA (Central Institute of Building Projects) that was part of the Ministry of Construction Affairs. Between the years of 1980 and 1985 Mr. Aoudjan was promoted to be the General Manager of Engineering Department of PAMA. He completed his Master Degree in Construction Engineering from Kabul Poly-Technique Institute in1986. In the same year, 1986, he was appointed as deputy of PAMA. Subsequently, he was appointed as the General Director of PAMA in 1987 and served in this post until 1990.