1950's - 1970's


  • Shah Mahmood Ghazi is named Prime Minister.


  • On 20 September, the King proclaims Mohammad Daoud, his cousin, as the new the prime minister.

  • The Soviet Union complains about presence of UN personnel in northern Afghanistan.


  • On 27 March, Mohammad Daoud warns Pakistan over Pashtunistan. Subsequently, Afghan mobs attack the Pakistani Embassy and Consulates in Kabul, Jalalabad and Kandahar.

  • On 14 July, Afghanistan becomes a member of the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund.

  • On 13 November, the Loya Jirga permits the Government to receive military assistance from abroad.

  • On 16 November, Nikita Khrushchev, Secretary of the Politburo of USSR's Communist Party, and Prime Minister Nikolai Bulgarin pay an official visit to Afghanistan.


  • On 28 October, Afghanistan receives 11 fighter jets from the Soviet Union.


  • - On 21 June, invited by President Dwight Eisenhower, Prime Minister Daoud arrives in the US.


  • On 22 March, Dag Hammerskjold, Secretary-General of the UN, arrives in Afghanistan.

  • On 14 September, Jawaher Lal Nehru visits Afghanistan.

  • On 9 December, President Dwight Eisenhower arrives in Kabul on an official visit.


  • On 2 April, the work of extending the Kandahar-Herat Highway begins.

  • On 26 April, Amir Amanullah Khan dies in Zurich, Switzerland.

  • On 2 July, Jangalak Factory begins operating with Soviet technical assistance

  • On 13 August, two Pakistani planes which violated Afghan air space were forced down in Kandahar and then released.

  • On 18 August, the construction of Darunta Dam begins.

  • On 22 October, King Mohammad Zahir Shah visits Egypt and Yugoslavia.


  • On 6 September, diplomatic relations between Afghanistan and Pakistan are suspended.

  • On 14 October, US President John F. Kennedy extends mediation between Afghanistan and Pakistan.


  • On 14 March, initiating the 'Democratic Decade', the King assigns Dr. Youssof the task of naming a new cabinet.

  • The German company undertakes the networking of a telephone system in Kabul with 120,000 lines.

  • On 2 September, invited by President John F. Kennedy, King Mohammad Zahir Shah and Queen Homaira visit the US.

  • On 12 October, Leonid Brezhnev visits Kabul and lays the foundation of Kabul Polytechnic Institute.


  • On 29 February, the Consultative Committee for the evaluation of the new Constitution begins its work.

  • On 14 May, the draft of the new Constitution is completed.

  • On 12 August, a new Constitutional Loya Jirga is convened in Kabul and the new Constitution is ratified in September.


  • On 1 December, Mohammad Hashem Maiwandwal becomes prime minister.


  • On 11 April, the Khalq daily, belonging to the Communist Movement, starts its publication in Kabul.

  • Afghanistan joins the Asian Development Bank as a founding member.


  • On 1 November, Mohammad Zahir Shah nominates Noor Ahmad E'temadi to assign a new cabinet.


  • On 25 January, Polytechnic Institute is inaugurated in Kabul with Soviet assistance.

  • On 23 April, official export of Sheberghan natural gas to the Soviet Union begins.


  • King Mohammad Zahir Shah and Queen Homaira pay a state visit to Japan.


  • On 8 June, Dr. Abdul Zahir is posted as the new prime minister.

  • Their Imperial Highnesses Akihito and Michiko visit Kabul, Bamyan and Qunduz.


  • On 11 December, Mohammad Moussa Shafeeq replaces Dr. Zahir as the new prime minister.


  • On 25 June, King Mohammad Zahir Shah leaves for medical treatment to Italy.

  • On 17 July, Mohammad Daoud, the King's cousin, stages a coup and takes power with the assistance of military officers.

  • On 24 August, to ensure a bloodless peaceful coup, King Mohammad Zahir Shah officially abdicates the throne.


  • On 4 June, President Daoud leaves for Moscow to meet Soviet leaders.


  • From 23- 28 July, a military rebellion is staged in Panjsher against the government of Mohammad Daoud.

  • On 9 December, Soviet President Pudgurni visits Kabul.


  • From 10-20 March, President Daoud visits India, Sri Lanka, Saudi Arabia and Iraq.

  • On 7 June, Pakistani Prime Minister Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto arrives in Kabul for an official visit.

  • On 3 July, Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi pays official visit to Kabul.


  • On 15 February, a Loya Jirga called upon by the president confirms Mohammad Daoud as the president.

  • On 24 February, the president promulgates the newly-drafted, Loya Jirga-ratified constitution as the new law of the land.

  • On 10 October, Pakistani President Zia-ul Haq visits Kabul and meets with President Daoud.


  • On 5 March, invited by Pakistani President Zia-ul Haq, President Daoud travels to Islamabad.

  • On 2 April, President Daoud leaves on a trip to Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and Egypt.

  • On 26 April, Kabul Radio announces that members of the Communist party including Noor Mohammad Taraki and Babrak Karmal (later Communist regime heads) were arrested.

  • On 28 April, the Communist Party launches a coup, kills Mohammad Daoud and his family and takes over the country.

  • On 30 April, the USSR is the first country to recognize the new regime.

  • On 17 June, members of the Parcham faction of the Communist party are appointed as overseas ambassadors.

  • On 20 July, the people of Nuristan and Kunar stage a rebellion against the new Communist regime.

  • On 27 November, six Parcham leaders, serving as ambassadors, are removed under pretext of attempting to overthrow the regime.

  • On 5 December, a comprehensive agreement is signed between the USSR and the new regime by Taraki in Moscow.


  • On 14 February, Adolph Dobbs, the American ambassador to Afghanistan is mysteriously killed in Kabul.

  • On 15 March, the people of Heraat stage a mass rebellion against the Communist regime and suffer casualties in the thousands.

  • On 23 June, the inhabitants of the Chindawul District of Kabul rise against the Communist regime.

  • On 15 August, officers and soldiers of the Kabul Garrison (Bala Hisar) stage a rebellion against the regime.

  • On 14 September, infighting between supporters of Taraki and Hafizullah Amin takes place inside the presidential palace.

  • On 16 September, Hafizullah Amin becomes the new head of the regime.

  • On 9 October, Radio Kabul announces Taraki's death due to illness.

  • On 25 October, the new regime releases the names of 12,000 people executed in the Pule-e-Charkhi prison.

  • On 16 December, the USSR deploys military units along the Afghan northern border.

  • On 27 December, the Soviet Union invades Afghanistan and the regime's head, Hafizullah Amin, is killed.

  • On 31 December, Babrak Karmal is announced as the new prime minister, the head of the revolutionary council and the secretary-general of the central committee of the democratic Khalq party.